(b Lexington, VA, 25 April 1928). American painter, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. He studied from 1948 to 1951 at Washington and Lee University in Lexington, VA, at the Museum School in Boston, and at the Art Students League in New York. In 1951–2 he spent a semester at BLACK MOUNTAIN COLLEGE, an important period for his involvement with Abstract Expressionism. Action painting, in particular, became his point of departure for the development of a highly personal ‘handwriting’ that served as a vehicle for literary content. During this period he became friendly with Robert Rauschenberg, travelling with him to North Africa.